Sterilization is needed to clear the jars of microorganisms. Ovens, microwave, multi-cooker, pot, or kettle will do the job equally well. If you do not do it, the homework will ferment, and they will fly off the lids.
How to prepare lids and cans for sterilization
Check the jars for chipping, cracking, or rusting. For preservation, containers are suitable without damage; the lids should be smooth, without scratches and rust. Clean the sponge, thoroughly wash the jars and lids. It is better to do it with soda, mustard powder, household soap, or natural detergent. For washing is not recommended to use conventional detergents, which can be found on any store’s shelves. Often they have chemical additives that are poorly washed off.
1. How to sterilize jars over a saucepan
Fill the pan with water to about half and let the liquid boil. Put the lids in the pan, and place the colander, sieve, or grill on top. Place the dry jars down the top.
You can use special sterilizer. This device looks like a flat lid with one or more holes where the jars are inserted.
Small jars should stand over the steam for about 6-8 minutes, cans of 1-2 liters – 10-15 minutes, and containers for 3 liters or more – 20-25 minutes.
When large drops of water appear on the inner walls of the cans, the sterilization can be finished.
Remove the jars and place on a clean, dry towel neck down. The lids should be carefully removed and also shifted on the towel from the inside of the bottom down.
Before canning, the jars and lids should completely dry.
2. How to sterilize jars in the oven
Place the jars on a baking tray or grill in a cold oven. How you set them up or down doesn’t really matter. Cans in the oven can be put immediately after washing.
You can put the twisting lids in the oven. Do not sterilize the lids with rubber bands, as the latter can melt. They should be boiled in water for 10-15 minutes.
Close the oven and set the temperature to 100-110 degrees C. Keep the jars inside for about 20 minutes. The time of sterilization does not depend on its volume. Turn off the oven and leave the jars there for a few minutes to cool slightly. You need to get them with a dry towel. If it is wet, the cans may burst due to temperature changes.
3. How to sterilize jars over a kettle
Fill the usual kettle with water about half and boil it. If you can, put the lids in the kettle. If they do not get inside, prostrate them in a pot of boiling water. Place the dry jar in the kettle hole neck down.
If the jar is small, you can put it on the spout of the kettle. Or put a pusher in the kettle and hang a jar on it.
Keeping the jars over the steam should be as much as in the previous sterilizing method over the pan. Then they need to be dried on a clean towel.
4. How to sterilize jars in a multi-cooker or steamer
Fill the bowl, multi-cooker, or steamers with water and put the lids in there. Place the steaming nozzle and place the dry jars down on it.
Turn on the steamer or set the “Steam cooker” mode in the multi-cooker. If the jars are small, you can close the appliance with a lid, but this does not play a significant role. After boiling water, the jars should be sterilized as much as over the pot or kettle. Place the jars and lids on a clean, dry towel and wait for them to dry completely.
5. How to sterilize jars in the microwave
Pour 1.5-2 cm of water into the jars and place them in the microwave. Choose maximum power and turn on the timer for 3-5 minutes.
Water should boil, and the jars from the inside should be covered with large drops. Drain, place the jar’s neck down on a clean, dry towel, and dry.
The lids cannot be sterilized in the microwave.
They should be put in a pan of boiling water for 10-15 minutes.
6. How to sterilize jars in boiling water
Place the jars neck up in a large saucepan. Place the lid next to it. Pour cold water into the pan and jars so that it covers the necks. If the jars do not fit in the pan, they can not be put and put horizontally.
Bring the water to a boil and sterilize the jars for 15-20 minutes. Then move the towel down on a clean towel so that they are scorched.
Adapted and translated by Wiki Avenue Staff
Sources: Life hacker